Going against the delivery company’s stipulations with regard to the make and model of the carI know a man, a relative of mine, who works for apps, delivering orders; he is the one who delivers orders to people, such as food and other things. But some companies stipulate conditions, one of which is that the car should not be of lower quality than a certain model, or it should be of certain types. This relative goes against these two conditions, and he has not changed until now. I advised him that this is going against the conditions, and that is not permissible, and I said: your wealth that you earn from this work may be haram. But he was not convinced, and he says: The car is very good, and there is nothing wrong with it, and I am not doing anything wrong. I want a fatwa about what he is doing, and which explains how to get rid of this wealth if it is haram. Is what he is doing not permissible? And is that money haram?
What is the ruling on a student looking at his classmates’ results and grades without their permission?Can I look at my classmates’ grades on the computer, only to find out the top and bottom grades and to see what level my classmates are in the class, or is this regarded as spying? That is through a website on which we write the code, and there are tables with all the names of the students, next to which is that code, and we go to the website to see their grades.
What is the ruling on reading news of celebrity scandals?What is the ruling on reading news about the scandal of a particular individual, without the reader sharing it or spreading it? Does it come under the heading of seeking out faults if the reader looks for this matter for himself on social media websites to find out more details?
Ruling on lying to gain entry to another countryI have an interview in a foreign embassy, and I cannot travel unless I tell a lie which will not harm anyone, but it will benefit me, by saying that a friend invited me to visit him in this country after he visited me in my country. But in fact, I don’t have a friend there at all; I only want to travel. Is it permissible for me to lie in this case? If I get a job after I travel, will it be haram or not?
What is the ruling on doing homework and evaluation tests for students, and writing reports and essays for them?We are a group of teachers working in a private school, which we are running and it is the source of our income. As we are sure you are aware, things have changed and students now learn online, and homework and tests are also done online. This means that students can now do their homework and their tests themselves, from the book, but these tests are limited to a particular time. We work doing homework and tests, and writing reports and essays, as this is becoming our only source of income these days in private schools. We heard that doing these tests is dubious and could be haraam, so we stopped doing it until our boss asked a shaykh about that, and he gave him a fatwa saying that it is permissible to do homework, evaluation tests, short tests and write reports and essays, so long as it is not the final exam, and that there is nothing wrong with that. Based on that, the boss forced us to carry on doing regular tests and homework, and writing reports and essays. We hope that you can advise us about this matter.
The negative consequences of subscribing to apps that allow users to write whatever they want in blunt terms, without showing the author’s nameThere is an app which invites users to write whatever they want to say bluntly. This app enables anyone to create an account in his name, and to publish it on his personal Facebook page. The aim of this app is to allow you to write whatever you want to someone, but without showing who said that, because no one knows who said it. But what I saw is that young women publish this account on their page, and young men see that, whether they have the app or not, and they send romantic messages and words of love, and so on. Similarly, young men publish these things, and young women send romantic messages and haraam things. Is downloading this app and using it haraam and not permissible? If someone wants to find out more about it or try it out, but without indulging in sending romantic messages, can he use it, or is it better to keep away from it?
Ruling on defaming and exposing offences committed by non-MuslimsOne of my non-Muslim work colleagues was caught red-handed trying to defraud a citizen, and he took some money from him unlawfully, by abusing his position at work. During the court proceedings against him, he was still coming to work, taking advantage of the fact that the manager at work is a close friend of his, and he is also a non-Muslim. I spoke against him in front of others and in his presence, without addressing him directly, but I mentioned him by name and I mentioned his abhorrent actions and denounce his evil deeds, especially since we are sure that the manager will try to protect him from any punishment imposed by the law. Some of my Muslim colleagues objected to my speaking against him and said: Islam does not enjoin us to do that, because it is blameworthy schadenfreude, and Allah prefers concealment in such situations, and I was hurting his feelings, and it was sufficient that he felt ashamed and embarrassed with us, so we should console him and not expose him. Please explain what we should do in such situations.
Ruling on voting in contests and competitions for someone about whom one knows nothingWhat is the ruling on voting for someone in a scientific field when I do not know him, and I do not know anything about his work for which I am voting for him, such as voting for some achievement such as research, or a knowledge challenge in education at the national level, when they say vote for this or that student?
Ruling on asking passers-by about songs they know, then asking them about religion and the Qur’an to highlight their ignorance, and publishing thatVideos have become widely circulated on social media, in which a young man stops passersby and asks them about a song, and if the young man or woman answers correctly, he then asks them to recite a soorah of the Holy Qur’an, and the person is shocked by this unexpected question and cannot recite. Is it permissible to publish such videos and spread them among people? Or is that regarded as transgressing people’s honour and a kind of backbiting?
He cheated in his exams and got one of the highest grades and was awarded a prize for that; is it permissible for him to keep it?Do I have to give money in charity for the computer that I won when there was a celebration for the top students in the city, because I cheated in the exams and I do not know whether all the students in the city cheated or not. That was many years ago, but my level was the same as another student, and I do not know whether she cheated or not.
Remedy for immorality or wickedness (fujoor)What is the remedy for immorality or wickedness (fujoor) in the way one speaks, or the remedy for immorality and wickedness in general terms?
Characteristics of a Muslim BusinessmanWhat are the basic principles and limits with regard to doing business? What I mean is that I now have competitors, and some of them are watching out and constantly spying on their competitors, and some of them crush their competitors on the grounds that there is no mercy in business, or “If I don’t do that to him he will do it to me.” What am I allowed to do with my competitors? When it comes to dealing with customers, for example, for the purpose of encouraging customers to buy from me, do I have the right to bring some individuals and pay them to advise my customers to buy my products, when the people think that they are just customers but they are not; they are only there for the purpose of bringing people to find out about my products, concerning which I will never cheat – what is the ruling on that? Am I obliged, for example, to tell my customers the sources of the components of my products, which may be expected as part of being honest? It is well known that this comes under the heading of trade secrets. How can I be an honest businessman in the face of the many dubious practices that occur when dealing with people, both customers and competitors? Is there any advice, with sources of information, that could serve as a reference for businessmen on a daily basis?
Ruling on smokingIs smoking cigarettes Haraam?
Ruling on selling programs to monitor what children do on the computer1.. We sell programs that enable parents to monitor what children watch and do on the computer and protect them until they reach puberty. This is for the purpose of protecting their children from watching content that may harm them and that is contrary to the commands of Allah. When installing this software on the child’s computer or mobile phone, do we have to inform him or is it permissible to do that in secret? If the program is installed with the child’s knowledge, there is an easy way to disable the program when they sit at the computer; it is a readily available service that the child can use to disable the program, and thus the program is of no benefit. If the program is installed secretly, does that come under the heading of spying on one’s children? 2.. As sellers of such programs, are we responsible for the way in which it is used, whether that is secretly or openly? Please note that all the conditions of use are written with the program, but it may be bought by a disbeliever who does not pay any attention to the conditions of use, and he may use it against anyone in secret. Are we – as sellers of the program and Muslims – responsible for that? What does Islam tell us to do in this situation, and how can we avoid what is haraam?
Is Assisting in Sin a Sin?I have a health social worker who helps with the family's health and other needs. He at times asks us for parking in our driveway to watch an Australian rugby league game that's nearby as the street parking is occupied extensively at this time. Note these games have men exposing their thighs, music, mixing, serving of alcohol and are known for having cheerleaders strut and dancing. I'm thinking that it is cooperating in sin but then I play out in my head what I would say then feel too shy to tell him as he's helped us & have a professional relationship with him. I know I shouldn't. And I am adamant not to next time. How should I approach this in the wisest best way? Also I know someone who is intending to study taking out a student type loan that can accumulate interest if not paid within a year or so. I haven't asked whether they'll make the payment on time or not. Although it is most likely that they'll delay it. They are a family member & I've let them do the entry test for that qualification on my laptop. Have I facilitated in sin? If someone is studying in this form through Riba should I bar them from using my laptop? Should I apply the "leave doubtful matters and stick with certainty" rule here even if it may cause some conflict? Or am I overthinking it all?
The prohibition on masturbation is not from a medical point of view onlyI have an important question about masturbation. I have read the previous fatwa on it but am curious as to whether it may be changed due to new knowledge. One of the things I read about, why masturbation is haram is because of the ‘negative effects’ of it. However research done by professors has proven that all the old myths about it are false. Scientific research has actually proven the opposite that masturbation has many health benefits. I will name a few, it promotes the release of endorphins, the neurotransmitters associated with happy feelings that can improve the overall mood and fight off depression. It produces a chemical called oxytocin which works as a natural pain and improves pain resistance and tolerance. Masturbation also releases cortisol which improves the immune system. Masturbation has also been proven to help in the prevention of type-2 diabetes and prostate cancer by releasing cancer causing agents. Due to the fact that masturbation is not directly declared haram by Quran or hadith doesn’t the decision rest with whether it benefits of harms a person? With the present facts in mind it is obvious and scientifically proven that there are many effective health benefits of masturbation. And also the old myths and misconceptions about any harm it was thought to cause have been proven false. With the apparent facts wouldn’t the ruling on masturbation be changed as the benefit clearly outweighs any harm it was believed to have caused?
Attitude towards sinners who commit sin openlyWhen the people see a sinner committing sin openly, some of them despise him and his sin, and others despise and denounce the sin, without despising the one who commits it. It is as if they are saying: He may be better than us before Allah, but he has committed this sin, and so on. What is the correct attitude?
Definition of miserliness according to Islamic teachingsWhen is a man being stingy towards his wife and children according to Islamic teachings? Some people think that I am doing what is obligatory, and others think that I am somewhat miserly.
Soundness of the hadith “Whoever is not prevented from doing Hajj by genuine need, an oppressive ruler or debilitating sickness, and dies without having done Hajj, let him die if he wishes as a Jew or if he wishes as a Christian”What is the authenticity of the following two hadeeth on Hajj? The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “He who possess enough food for the trip, a means of transportation to reach to Makkah, and yet does not perform Hajj, then he dies, he would then die as a Jew or a Christian.” [At-Tirmithi, Al-Bazzaar, and others] In addition,Abu Umaamah narrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “He who was not prevented by a valid excuse, sickness, or an oppressive ruler, yet did not perform Hajj, will die as a Jew or a Christian.” [Ad-Daarimi, Al-Bayhaqi, and others]
Authenticity of Hadith about Lying"When a believer utters a lie without a valid excuse, he is cursed by seventy thousand angels. Such a stench emanates from his heart that it reaches the sky and because of this single lie Allah writes for him a sin equivalent to that of committing seventy fornications, the least of which is fornication with one’s mother." I want to know; is this hadith about frequent liars or liars as a whole? If this is for liars as a whole, then it means lying is greater sin than fornication? Isn’t it? Every day we come across people who tell lies. So we can say that they have committed 70 fornications. From this point of view, I don't think so that there is any single Muslim who does't lie. Does that mean each and every single Muslim who lie without valid excuse has indeed committed 70 fornications? Lying is something which Muslim can avoid as possible as he can, but he can't completely abstain himself from lying.