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1284726/09/2002

Ruling on the view that we should seek to acquire the characteristics of Allaah

Question: 12806

One of the khateebs said in his Friday khutbah that we have to strive to acquire the attributes and characteristics of Allaah. Is there a correct way of interpreting this sentence, and is there anyone who has said this before?.

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

This sentence is not appropriate, but there
is a correct way of interpreting it, which is that we are encouraged to strive to acquire the characteristics implied by the attributes and names
of Allaah. That means looking at the attributes which it is befitting for a created being to acquire the characteristics implied by them, unlike
the attributes which belong only to Allaah, such as His being the Creator, the Provider, the One God, etc.  These are characteristics which a
created being cannot acquire, and it is not permissible for him to lay claim to them or similar names. Rather what is referred to is the
attributes which Allaah likes for His slaves to acquire the characteristics implied thereby, such as knowledge, strength, mercy, forbearance,
generosity and forgiveness, etc. So Allaah is All-Knowing and loves those who are knowledgeable; He is Strong and He loves the strong believer
more than He loves the weak believer; He is Generous and loves those who are generous; He is Merciful and He loves those who show mercy; He is
Forgiving and loves forgiveness, etc. But when applied to Allaah, these attributes are more perfect and greater than when applied to any created
being, because there is nothing like unto Allaah in His attributes and actions, just as there is nothing like unto Allaah in His Essence. Rather
it is sufficient for a person to have a share in the sense of these attributes, in a manner that suits him and within the limits set by sharee’ah.
If his generosity oversteps the mark, then he becomes a spendthrift; if his mercy oversteps the mark, then he will not carry out the punishments
dictated by sharee’ah; if his forgiveness transgresses the limits set by sharee’ah, then it is inappropriate. This was stated by the great scholar
Ibn al-Qayyim in his books ‘Uddat al-Saabireen and al-Waabil al-Sayyib, and in other books such as al-Madaarij and Zaad
al-Ma’aad. There follows what he said in al-‘Uddah and al-Waabil: 

In al-‘Uddah (p. 310) he said:
“Because Allaah is indeed the Appreciative (al-Shukoor), the most beloved of His creation to Him are those who have the characteristic of
gratitude (al-shukr), just as the most hated of His creation to Him are those who are lacking in this characteristic or who have the
opposite characteristic. This applies to His Beautiful names: the most beloved of His creation to Him are those who have the characteristics
implied by His names, and the most hated of His creation to Him are those who have the opposite characteristics. Hence He hates those who are
ungrateful, those who do wrong, those who are ignorant, hard-hearted, miserly, cowardly and ignoble. He is Beautiful and loves beauty; He is
All-Knowing and loves those who have knowledge; He is Merciful and loves those who show mercy; He does good and loves those who do good; He is the
Concealer and loves those who conceal; He is Powerful and condemns those who act helpless, and the strong believer is more beloved to Him than the
weak believer; He is forgiving and loves forgiveness; He is One and He loves that which is odd-numbered; everything that He loves is connected to
His names and attributes; and everything that He hates is the opposite of that.” 

He said in al-Waabil (p. 543 of
Majmoo’at al-Hadeeth): “Generosity is one of the attributes of the Lord, for He gives and does not take, He feeds and is not fed, He is the
most generous of those who are generous. The most beloved of His creation to Him are those who seek to acquire the characteristics implied by His
attributes. For He is Generous and loves those among His slaves who are generous; He is All-Knowing and loves those who have knowledge; He is
All-Powerful and loves those who are courageous; He is Beautiful and loves beauty.” 

I hope that what we have mentioned will be
sufficient and will serve the intended purpose. I ask Allaah to help us all to understand His religion and to fulfil our duty towards Him, for He
is All-Hearing, Ever Near. 

Source

Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah, 6/251

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