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Giving salaam is Sunnah when joining a gathering and when leaving it

Question: 145028

Is there any hadeethth which shows that we have to give salaam when we part from our gathering? We know that we have to give salaam when we meet, but when we part do we have to give salaam too? Is there any hadeeth with regards to this?.

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

If a man joins a gathering it is Sunnah for him to give
salaams to people in this gathering, and when he wants to get up and
leave, he should give them salaam once again before he leaves. That is
because of the report narrated by Abu Dawood (5208) and al-Tirmidhi
(2706), and classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi; and also narrated by Ahmad
(7793) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The
Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When
one of you comes to a gathering, let him say salaam, and when he wants to
leave let him say salaam, for the former is not more of a duty than the
latter.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood and
elsewhere. 

Al-Mubaarakfoori (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

Al-Teebi said: i.e., just as the first salaam was telling
them that they are safe from his evil when he was present, the second salaam
is telling them that they are safe from his evil when he is absent. Giving
salaam when joining the gathering is not more important than giving salaam
when leaving the gathering; rather the second is more important. End quote. 

Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi (2/402-403) 

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

The apparent meaning of this hadeeth is that it is obligatory
for the group to return the salaam of the one who gave them salaam and left
them. Imam al-Qaadi Husayn and his companion Abu Sa‘d al-Mutawalli said: The
custom among some people is to say salaam when leaving a gathering, and that
is a du‘aa’ (supplication) to which it is mustahabb to respond but is not
obligatory, because the greeting is only given when meeting and not when
parting. This is what they (these two scholars) said, but it was criticised
by Imam Abu Bakr al-Shaashi, the last of our companions, who said: This is
wrong, because giving salaam is Sunnah when leaving just as it is a Sunnah
when joining the gathering. This hadeeth proves that. And what al-Shaashi
said is the correct view. End quote. 

Al-Adhkaar, p. 258 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

In this hadeeth we see that when a man enters upon a
gathering, he should say salaam. And when he wants to leave and he gets up
to leave the gathering, he should also say salaam, because the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) enjoined that and said: “for the
former is not more of a duty than the latter.”, i.e., just as when you say
salaam when you enter, you should also say salaam when you leave. Hence when
a person enters the mosque, he sends salaams upon the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him), and when he leaves he also sends blessings upon
him. And when he enters Makkah for ‘Umrah or Hajj, he should start with
tawaaf, and when he leaves Makkah he should end with tawaaf, because tawaaf
is the greeting for Makkah for the one who enters it for Hajj or ‘Umrah, and
it is bidding farewell to Makkah for the one who has done Hajj or ‘Umrah and
is now leaving. This is a sign of the perfection of sharee‘ah, because it
makes the beginning and the end the same in such matters as these. End
quote. 

Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen, p.
990 

And Allah knows best.

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