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1092401/09/2001

What is the ruling on making du’aa’ in the colloquial language?

Question: 21561

What is the ruling on making du’aa’ in the colloquial language?

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked about a man who
made du’aa’ in ungrammatical language, and a man said to him that Allaah
would not accept a du’aa’ spoken in ungrammatical language. 

He replied: 

Whoever voiced this opinion is a sinner who has gone
against the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the view of the salaf. For whoever
calls upon Allaah, devoting his worship sincerely and purely to Him,
calling upon him with a du’aa’ that is permissible, Allaah will listen
to him and respond to his du’aa’, whether it is in proper Arabic or
in ungrammatical language. The opinion mentioned has no basis, rather
the one who makes du’aa’, if he is not used to speaking in grammatical
Arabic, he should not force himself to do so. One of the salaf said,
if a person forces himself to speak grammatical Arabic, he will not
be focused in his heart. Similarly it is makrooh to force oneself to
make the words of the du’aa’ rhyme; if that happens spontaneously, then
it is fine, for the du’aa’ should come from the heart, and the tongue
should simply follow the heart. Whoever focuses in his du’aa’ on making
the words  grammatically correct will have less focus in his heart.
Therefore the one who is in urgent need should pray from the heart with
whatever words Allaah inspires him to say, without preparing it beforehand.   
This is something which every believer finds in his heart. It is permissible
to make du’aa’ in Arabic or in languages other than Arabic. Allaah knows
the desire of the one who is making du’aa’, even if he cannot speak
Arabic correctly, for He understands all languages and understands the
needs of those who speak different languages. 

Source

Al-Fatawa al-Kubra, 2/424, 425

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