Download
0 / 0

Women attending an educational seminar with men, in the same hall

Question: 226560

With regard to lecture halls in which educational seminars are held, is it permissible to put the women at the back of the hall (lecture theatre), without a barrier in front of them, separating them from the men? Please note that if we put a barrier, they will not be able to see the activities. Or do we have to put them in a separate room, where they can watch and listen to the activities via closed-circuit television?

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

If the seminar in question is an Islamic or beneficial
educational seminar, and the women come wearing complete shar‘i hijab, and
there is no free mixing or anything else that is contrary to Islamic
teachings, and the men sit in the front rows, and the women sit behind them,
in their hijab, at an appropriate distance, and all of them listen to
beneficial lectures without free mixing or the women raising their voices,
then there is nothing wrong with that, even if there is no screen between
the men and women. We have explained this in the answer to question no.
129693

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked:

There is a mosque in our city, in which there is a section
for the women, that is separated from the men’s mosque by a wall. The women
have loudspeakers so that they can hear the imam and the teacher. A man came
and wanted to knock down the wall, and his evidence for doing so was the
hadith of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him: “The men
formed rows, then the children, then the women.” This led to a grave
difference of opinion. What do you advise?

He replied:

There is nothing wrong with any of that. The women at the
time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to pray
with the men, behind the men, without a wall, without anything. They covered
themselves and wore hijab, and they prayed with the men at the back, as in
the saheeh hadith in which the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) said: “The best rows for men are those at the front and the worst are
those at the back; the best rows for women are those at the back and the
worst are those at the front.” That is because the front rows may be close
to the men, but if they pray at the back of the mosque, behind the men, and
cover themselves, then there is nothing wrong with it and there is no need
for a wall or anything else.

But if a wall is put up, or a curtain instead of a wall, so
that the women may feel at ease, and cover their faces and relax, then there
is nothing wrong with that, so that they can feel comfortable in their
prayer place and they can listen via loudspeakers, or from the imam if they
can hear him without a loudspeaker. There is nothing wrong with that. The
matter is broad in scope, praise be to Allah.

If they put up a grillwork screen through which they can see
the imam or members of the congregation, and hear his voice, there is
nothing wrong with that either.

The matter is broad in scope and this harshness is not
appropriate. Whether there is a wall or a grillwork screen or a curtain, or
none of that, it is fine. All of that is permissible, praise be to Allah. At
the time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) there was
no wall or anything else. They covered themselves and prayed with the people
behind the men.

End quote from Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb (12/267-269)

And Allah knows best.

Source

Islam Q&A

Was this answer helpful?

at email

Our newsletter

To join our mailing list please add your email below

phone

Islam Question & Answers Application

Faster access to content and the ability to browse without the internet

download iosdownload android
at email

Our newsletter

To join our mailing list please add your email below

phone

Islam Question & Answers Application

Faster access to content and the ability to browse without the internet

download iosdownload android