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2900608/01/2010

Were the wife of Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq and his daughter Asma’ among those who were given the glad tidings of Paradise?

Question: 145051

I am aware that Abu Bakr and his daughter Aisha radi Allahu anhum were promised Jannah during the time of the Prophet peace be upon him. I wanted to know if his daughter Asma and the mother of Aisha were too?.

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

Firstly: 

With regard to Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him),
there are proven, saheeh hadeeths which state that he is one of those who
were given the glad tidings of Paradise. This was previously discussed in
the answer to question no. 5852

Secondly: 

With regard to ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), it
is also narrated in saheeh hadeeths that she will be one of the wives of the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in Paradise. 

It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with
her) said: I said: O Messenger of Allah, who among your wives will be in
Paradise? He said: “Verily, you will be one of them.” 

Narrated by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (4/14). He said:
Its isnaad is saheeh although they (al-Bukhaari and Muslim) did not narrate
it. al-Dhahabi classed it as saheeh in al-Talkhees. Shaykh al-Albaani (may
Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (no. 1142):
It is (saheeh) according to the conditions of Muslim. End quote. 

‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I
know for certain that she is his wife in this world and in the Hereafter. 

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3772). 

Thirdly: 

With regard to Asma’ bint Abi Bakr (may Allah be pleased with
her), her virtues are many and great. She bears the noble title of Dhaat
al-Nitaaqayn (She of the Two Girdles), as she tore her girdle or waist
wrapper in two during the Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Madeenah) to serve
the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and his
companion Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq, and she was one of the foremost in Islam.
Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, said (interpretation of the
meaning):

“And those foremost [(in Islamic Faith of Monotheism and
in performing righteous deeds) in the life of this world on the very first
call for to embrace Islam] will be foremost (in Paradise).

11. These will be the nearest (to Allaah)”

[al-Waaqi ‘ah 56:10-11] 

“Not equal among you are those who spent and fought before
the conquering (of Makkah, with those among you who did so later). Such are
higher in degree than those who spent and fought afterwards”

[al-Hadeed 59:10]. 

We have not found any hadeeth which specifically states that
she was given the glad tidings of Paradise, except the report narrated from
al-Zubayr ibn Bakkaar, who said: She was only called Dhaat al-Nitaaqayn (She
of the Two Girdles) because when the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace
of Allah be upon him) and Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq were preparing to set out for
Madeenah (the Hijrah), ‘Abd-Allah ibn Abi Bakr came to them in the cave at
night with their food supplies for the journey. There was nothing to tie
(the bundle) with, so Asma’ tore her girdle in two and tied the bundle with
it. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Allah will give you in return for that two girdles in Paradise.” So she was
called Dhaat al-Nitaaqayn. 

This was narrated by Ibn ‘Asaakir in Tareekh Dimashq
(6/69) and quoted by Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr in al-Isti‘aab (4/1782) and by
Ibn Hajar in al-Isaabah (7/487). 

As you can see, this report is mursal and does not have an
isnaad. Al-Zubayr ibn Bakkaar died in 256 AH, and he does not say who he
heard this hadeeth from. 

Fourthly: 

With regard to the mother of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased
with her), her kunyah, by which she is best known, was Umm Roomaan. There is
a difference of opinion concerning her name. It was said that it was Zaynab
or Da‘d. She was the daughter of ‘Aamir ibn ‘Uwaymir ibn ‘Abd Shams, and she
was one of the first to come to Islam. 

‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: 

I do not remember my parents ever following anything but the
true religion. 

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 3905. 

With regard to specific testimony that she was one of the
people of Paradise, this was narrated in a mursal, da‘eef hadeeth from
al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad, who said: 

When Umm Roomaan was lowered into her grave, the Messenger of
Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever would like
to look at one of al-hoor al-‘iyn, let him look at Umm Roomaan. 

This was narrated by Ibn Sa‘d in al-Tabaqaat al-Kubra
(8/277), by Abu Na‘eem in Ma‘rifat al-Sahaabah (6/3498) and by
al-Suhami in Tareekh Jarjaan (1/199). All of them narrated it from
Hammaad ibn Salamah, from ‘Ali ibn Zayd, from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad as a
mursal report. 

Some students of Hammaad ibn Salamah narrated it as a musnad
hadeeth from ‘Aa’ishah, but al-Daaraqutni thought it most likely that the
report was mursal. 

See: al-‘Ilal al-Waaridah fi’l-Ahaadeeth al-Nabawiyyah
by al-Daaraqutni (13/360) 

For more on her biography, please see al-Isaabah by
al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (8/206). 

And Allah knows best.

Source

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