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Ruling on cosmetic surgery to make one taller

Question: 161799

I have a growth problem and have not grown very tall, i am in my mid 20s and my height makes me feel really depressed i know it ist a major issue for most but for me it is and i dont want it done for beautification its very depressing being below average short. is it permissiable to increase height with cosmic surgery ?.

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

Making a person taller is done by means of hormones and
treating the factors that have made one short, or it may be done by means
of surgery. There is nothing wrong with using the former method. 

But with regard to surgery, it is done by breaking the bones
and carries a risk of fibrosis of the muscles or infection. The basic
principle is that it is haraam for a person to bring harm upon himself,
unless it is for the purpose of medical treatment. 

Ibn Hazm (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

They are unanimously agreed that it is not permissible for
anyone to kill himself or to cut off any of his limbs or to cause pain to
himself except in the case of medical treatment by cutting off the affected

End quote from Maraatib al-Ijmaa‘, p. 157 

This issue was addressed by Dr. Saalih ibn Muhammad
al-Fawzaan (may Allah preserve him) in his letter to doctors entitled
“Cosmetic surgery, a combined medical and fiqhi analysis,” in which he
concluded that it is haraam. 

Among other things he said: 

It seems to me that it is haraam to carry out surgery for
this purpose, and that is because of the following: 


Increasing height by means of this technology depends on
breaking healthy bones, and this is contrary to what is established of the
sanctity of the body of a person who is protected in sharee‘ah, and the
ruling that it is not permissible to transgress against it by any means so
long as that is not for the purpose of necessary medical treatment. As for
merely wanting to be taller, that is not sufficient justification for
transgressing this sanctity. 

And there is evidence to indicate that it is haraam to break
bones in such cases, as the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) said: “Breaking the bone of the dead person is like breaking it when he
was alive.” This hadeeth likens breaking the bones of a dead person to
breaking the bones of a living person, which indicates that the prohibition
on breaking the bones of the living person is a definitive and established
ruling, hence breaking the bones of a dead person is likened to it. What is
meant here is that both are haraam in principle, but they are not equally
haraam, because transgression against the bones of a dead person is not like
transgression against the bones of a living person in terms of qisaas
(retaliatory punishment) and diyah (blood money), according to scholarly


Short stature is regarded as something normal among people
and is not regarded as a defect in most cases, and surgery to change a
characteristic that is regarded as normal may come under the heading of
changing the creation of Allah, which the texts forbid, as stated above. 

If we assume that shortness is not a normal characteristic,
it cannot be treated and changed into a normal characteristic. That is
because the appearance of the body will not be in the right proportions. It
is the lower limbs that will be lengthened whilst the rest of the body
remains short, which will make the body appear abnormal, so this surgery
will not change an abnormal characteristic into a normal characteristic, and
if the lengthening is not a remedy to the deformity then there is no shar‘i
justification for something that involves breaking healthy bones


What is mentioned above of serious complications in this
surgery, such as infection, severe chronic pain, and fibrosis of muscles,
along with the possibility that the function of the muscles may be impaired,
let alone the fact that the body’s appearance will not be in the right
proportions – all of this means that it is not permissible to go ahead with
it merely because one wants to look better and add a few centimetres to
one’s height. 

End quote from al-Jaraahaat al-Tajmeeliyyah, p. 322 

Based on that, you should not worry about being short and you
should understand that a person’s true beauty resides in his attitude and
good conduct. The individual’s worth is based on good deeds, not good looks.
So try to be accept your situation and what Allah has decreed for you, and
look at those who are less than you in terms of physical well being and
appearance, and you will realise the blessing that Allah has bestowed upon

We ask Allah to guide us and you, and to make us all

And Allah knows best.


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