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Her daughter suffers from seizures; can she give her medicine during the day in Ramadan?

Question: 220868

My wife’s sister is twenty-three years old and has special needs. She has a developmental delay in her cognitive ability, and she sometimes has seizures, but – subhaan Allah – my Lord has blessed her with a good heart, as she loves to do acts of obedience, especially prayer. By Allah, I wish that I was as keen to pray as she is, and as regular in offering the prayers on time.

My question is: she suffers from seizures – may Allah heal her – and they have gotten worse recently, and she has to take medicine. She is used to fasting, but her mother is worried because the fasting period is so long, and because the incidence of seizures is greater than it was previously; so her mother is confused, and because of her keenness, she asked me to ask about a fatwa.

Is it permissible for her not to fast during the day in Ramadan, and to give her medicine, then after that to tell her to complete her fast, because she will be very upset if she does not fast?

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.


In the answer to question no.
50555, we explained that sickness is one of the
excuses that makes it permissible not to fast. Also, if a sick person
requires treatment during the day in Ramadan, it is permissible for him to
break his fast and make up the days when he did not fast later on. Based on
that, if fasting will be harmful to this girl, or it will exacerbate her
sickness, there is nothing wrong with her mother giving her daughter
medicine during the day in Ramadan, but in this case she has to convince her
daughter that it is permissible for her not to fast, because she is sick,
and Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, by His mercy has excused the
sick person from fasting, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number (of days which one did not
observe Saum (fasts) must be made up) from other days”
[al-Baqarah 2:185].
There is nothing wrong with making her complete the fast, so long as she
makes up that day after Ramadan. 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah
have mercy on him) was asked: 

I have a mental illness, and when I went
to the doctor, he gave me pills which I have to take for five years, one
pill every twelve hours. What should I do, especially during the day in
Ramadan, because now the fast lasts for fifteen hours, and if I delay taking
the pill even for one hour, this sickness will come back to me and I will
have seizures? 

He replied: 

Allah, may He be glorified and exalted,
says (interpretation of the meaning):
“So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can”
[al-Taghaabun 64:16]. If
sickness will result from delaying the dose until after its usual time, then
there is nothing wrong with breaking the fast, if the day is long, and the
fast is fifteen hours. On such days, there is nothing wrong with taking the
pill that has been prescribed by the doctor, and breaking the fast by doing
so, then refraining from eating and drinking for the rest of the day, and
making it up later on, because breaking the fast is done for that purpose.
So he may break the fast, then refrain from eating and drinking, then make
up the day later on. But if it is possible to delay the dose without any
hardship, then he must delay it so that he can take the dose at night. 

End quote from Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb

For more information, please see the
answer to question no. 97798 


What you mentioned about that girl being
keen to do acts of worship and loving to do good, despite the illness that
she suffers – should motivate you to be keen and hasten to do good, because
shortcomings in one who is capable are not like shortcomings in one who is
not capable. Shortcomings in one who is capable are regarded as faults, as
someone once said: I have never seen any faults in people like the
shortcomings of those who are able to do things properly. 

May Allah help us and you to obey Him and
hasten to do so, and may He decree a speedy recovery for that woman, for He
is able to do that. 

And Allah knows best.


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