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Is it permissible for a daughter to pay zakaat al-fitr on behalf of her father?

Question: 26770

Can a daughter pay zakat/zakat elfitr on behalf of her father?.

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

Shaykh Muhammad al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said: 

Whoever pays on behalf on one whose zakaat
al-fitr he is not obliged to pay must have his permission. So if Zayd pays it on behalf of ‘Amr without his permission, that is not valid, because
Zayd is not obliged to pay zakaat al-fitr on behalf of ‘Amr. It is essential that the right intention (niyyah) be formed, either on the part of
the one who is obliged to pay it or on the part of the one who pays it on his behalf. This is based on a principle that is well known to the
fuqaha’, which they called tasarruf al-fudooli, referring to the question of when a person acts on behalf of another without his
permission, is the action completely invalid or does it depend on the permission and approval of the other person? 

There is a dispute among the scholars on this matter. The most correct view is that it is valid
if the other person gives his approval. And the Shaykh quoted the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah’s interaction with the Shaytaan when he was guarding the
zakaah. See the text of this hadeeth in the answer to question no. 6092. This is
corroborated by the fact that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) approved of this action on the part of Abu Hurayrah
and regarded it as valid, even those what was taken from was zakaah, and Abu Hurayrah was appointed to guard it, and not anyone else. 

Al-Sharh al-Mumti’,

And Allaah knows best.


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