0 / 0

Ruling on what is known as “khatam shifa”, and praying behind an innovator and calling him (to the right path)

Question: 187877

My bother just had an operation and his situation is critical. So, what my mom decided to do is perform khatam shifa which is basically saying ya salaamu 12500 times, reading some dua, reading Surah Yaseen and Surah Ar-Rahman 40 times each, feeding the poor and giving away goats. Is is something from our Rasul Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.

Another question is regarding the mosques in Bangladesh. They do a lot of bidah that includes asking wasillah, teaching acts mentioned above, celebrate milad in nabi and I can keep going on for ages. Is it permissible to pray behind those imams who teaches such things?
Sometimes, when I try to talk to them, whether they get angry and they do not reason and give sahih daleel to their arguments. They always say that some alims taught them and they are better than us and we should follow them without question. We are facing this diellma to either be quiet and allow them to follow what they will.

Sometimes it ends in quarrel and at times ruins relationships/friendship…. because as much as we try they always say that the alim is far better and knows what he is preaching.

Finally, what should I do to explain my family and friends?.

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.


With regard to what is called “khatam shifa”, it is an
innovation (bid‘ah). The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)
said: “The worst of matters are those which are newly invented (in
religion). Every newly invented matter is an innovation, every innovation is
a going astray, and every going astray is in the Fire.” With regard to these
soorahs and adhkaar (dhikrs) that are mentioned in the question, this is
something for which there is no evidence (daleel), and it is not permissible
to do these things for which there is no evidence in the Book of our Lord or
the Sunnah of our Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). 

What is prescribed in our religion is to offer supplication
(du‘aa’) for the sick person and to ask Allah to heal him and purify him.
That will have the greatest impact in taking away the disease and bringing
about rapid healing. It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Whoever visits a sick person whose time (of death) has not yet come, and
says to him seven times ‘As’al Allah al-‘Azeem Rabb al-‘Arsh al-‘Azeem an
yashfeeyaka (I ask Allah the Almighty, Lord of the Mighty Throne, to
heal you)’, Allah will heal him of that sickness.”

Narrated by Ahmad (2137), Abu Dawood (3106) and at-Tirmidhi
(2083); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani. 

So you should offer supplication (du‘aa’) for him in the
wording mentioned in this hadeeth and other saheeh hadeeths. 

The same applies to giving charity. There is no doubt that
spending for the sake of Allah is something that brings good. It was
narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“There is no day on which people wake up, but two angels come down and one
of them says: ‘O Allaah, give more to the one who spends,’ and the other
says, ‘O Allaah, send destruction upon the one who withholds.’”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1442) and Muslim (1010).

So spend and give charity, and be optimistic about
compensation from Allah, may He be glorified. 


With regard to praying behind an innovator, Shaykh al-Islam
[Ibn Taymiyah] said in Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa (23/355): 

With regard to praying behind an innovator, this is a matter
concerning which there is a difference of opinion and it is subject to
further discussion. If you cannot find any other imam apart from him, such
as in the case of Jumu‘ah prayer which is only held in one place, or Eid
prayer, or prayers during Hajj behind the imam who is in charge of Hajj,
these prayers are to be offered behind anyone, whether he is righteous or
otherwise, according to the consensus of Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa‘ah. Rather
the ones who refrain from offering these prayers behind the imams are the
followers of innovations such as the Raafidis and others like them, who do
not attend any Jumu‘ah prayer or prayer in congregation. If there is only
one mosque in the village, then praying in congregation behind an immoral
person is better than praying on one’s own at home, lest that lead to giving
up prayer in congregation altogether. But if it is possible to pray behind
someone other than the innovator, that is undoubtedly better and preferable.
But if he prays behind him, there is a scholarly difference of opinion
concerning his prayer. The view of ash-Shaafa‘i and Abu Haneefah is that his
prayer is valid; however in the madhhabs of Maalik and Ahmad there is a
dispute concerning this issue and it is subject to further discussion. 

However this only applies to bid‘ah that is known to be
contrary to the Qur’an and Sunnah, such as the innovations of the Raafidis,
Jahamis and so on. People argue about many issue of religion in this
country, and both parties to an argument may innovators, and both of them
may be ignorant and misinterpreting things, so the refusal of one of them to
pray behind the other is not better than if it is the other way round. But
once the Sunnah is established and becomes known, and one person or group
goes against it, this is the matter concerning which there is a difference
of scholarly opinion. And Allah knows best. End quote. 

In Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (7/364) there is the
following question: 

Is it permissible to pray behind an imam who is an

The committee replied: 

Whoever can find an imam who is not an innovator should pray
behind him and not behind the innovator. Whoever cannot find anyone except
this innovator should advise him in the hope that he will give up his
innovation. If he does not accept that advice, and his innovation involves
shirk, such as those who seek the help of the dead or call upon them instead
of Allah, or offer sacrifices to them, then he (the one who offered advice)
should not pray behind him because he is a kaafir and his prayer is invalid,
and it is not right to appoint him as an imam. If his innovation does not
make him a kaafir, such as uttering the intention out loud, his prayer is
valid as is the prayer of those who pray behind him. End quote. 

With regard to calling these people (da‘wah) and advising
them, seek the help of Allah first and foremost, make your intention sincere
and intend to guide them to the right path, and Allah will help you in

You should explain to them that they are going against the
teachings of Islam, with evidence and proof, and demonstrate that the
specious argument they follow is wrong; you should also refer to scholars
concerning issues that you are uncertain about, so that their specious
arguments will not affect you and they will not defeat you in argument, lest
the ignorant think that their view is correct. And you should pay attention
to being kind and gentle in all of that. 

And Allah knows best.


Islam Q&A

Was this answer helpful?

at email

Our newsletter

To join our newsletter please add your email below


IslamQA App

For a quick access to our content and offline browsing

download iosdownload android
at email

Our newsletter

To join our newsletter please add your email below


IslamQA App

For a quick access to our content and offline browsing

download iosdownload android