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Islam is a peaceful religion with those who are peaceful

Question: 209600

In the event of what has happened in Kenya today, and has happened in many other countries, how can Islam be called a peaceful religion?

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family.

Islam is a peaceful religion because Allah, may He be glorified and exalted,
has called Himself as-Salaam (the One Free from all defects; this
word also means ‘peace’), and Islam is His religion that He has approved of
for mankind. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of
the meaning):

“He is Allah than Whom there is La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be
worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the
Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they
associate as partners with Him”

[al-Hashr 59:23]. 

Islam is a peaceful religion because it forbids mischief on earth.  Allah,
may He be glorified, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and do good as Allah has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the
land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidoon (those who commit great crimes
and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupt)”

[al-Qasas 28:77]

“Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah
Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan (i.e. to be patient in performing
your duties to Allah, totally for Allahs sake and in accordance with the
Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet SAW in a perfect manner), and giving
(help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them
e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help,
etc.): and forbids Al-Fahsha (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts,
disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to
kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited
by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil
deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes
you, that you may take heed”

[an-Nahl 16:90]. 

The blood of the peaceful individual (one who is living under Muslim rule or
who has been granted the protection of the Muslim state) is regarded as
sacrosanct to such an extent that transgression against a single individual
with no justification is regarded as equal to transgression against all of
humanity. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of
the meaning):

“Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone
killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in
the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a
life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. And indeed, there
came to them Our Messengers with clear proofs, evidences, and signs, even
then after that many of them continued to exceed the limits (e.g. by doing
oppression unjustly and exceeding beyond the limits set by Allah by
committing the major sins) in the land”

[al-Maa’idah 5:32]. 

Islam is a peaceful religion that allows followers of other religions to
live in the Islamic state and practice their religion without putting any
pressure on them. They are the ones who are known as ahl adh-dhimmah
or ahl al-‘ahd (those living under Muslim rule and enjoying the
protection of the Muslim state). They are granted complete rights that are
not granted to them by the most democratic countries nowadays. 

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) ruled Madinah when
there were many Jewish tribes living there, and he established a
constitution between him and them which required all citizens to defend the
state and strive together for its wellbeing, and granted security to them,
their property and their children, with freedom of worship, trade and
travel. They mixed with the Muslims to such an extent that they used to
invite the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) to meals in
their homes, and he would accept their invitations. He (blessings and peace
of Allah be upon him) also gave them the right to judge matters amongst
themselves according to their own laws. 

This is how the Rightly Guided Caliphs who succeeded him also acted; they
did not shed anyone’s blood on the basis of identity, ethnicity or religion.
Rather they resisted the aggression of hostile parties, supported those who
were weak and oppressed in the land, and strove to spread the religion of
Allah, call people to Him and tell them about Him: “so that those who
were to be destroyed (for their rejecting the Faith) might be destroyed
after a clear evidence, and those who were to live (i.e. believers) might
live after a clear evidence” [al-Anfaal 8:42]. 

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “If anyone
wrongs a mu‘aahid [non-Muslim living under Muslim rule], detracts from his
rights, burdens him with more work than he is able to do or takes something
from him without his consent, I will plead for him (the mu‘aahid) on the Day
of Resurrection.”

Narrated by Abu Dawood (3052); classed as hasan by Ibn Hajar in
Muwaafaqat al-Khabr, 2/184; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh
Abi Dawood 

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) that
the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever kills
a mu‘aahid will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, although its fragrance
may be detected from a distance of forty years.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3166) 

The basis for all of that is the verse in Soorat al-Mumtahinah in which
Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of the
meaning):

“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought
not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your
homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.

It is only as regards those who fought against you on account of religion,
and have driven you out of your homes, and helped to drive you out, that
Allah forbids you to befriend them. And whosoever will befriend them, then
such are the Zalimoon (wrong-doers those who disobey Allah)”

[al-Mumtahinah 60:8-9]. 

And Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let
not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is
nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what
you do”

 [al-Maa’idah 5:8]. 

Al-Baydaawi says in his Tafseer (commentary on the Qur’an) (303): 

That is: do not let your intense hatred for the mushrikeen (polytheists)
cause you to fail to be just towards them and thus transgress against them
by doing things that are not permissible, such as mutilating the dead,
slandering them, killing women and children, or breaking treaties, because
of the resentment in your hearts. End quote. 

Although Allah has instructed His slaves to show enmity towards the
disbelievers with regard to their religion and to disavow them, that too is
governed by the definitive general principle, which is to treat them justly
and fairly, and not to wrong or mistreat them. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

Justice (or fairness) is obligatory upon everyone towards everyone in all
circumstances, and injustice (or unfairness) is not permissible under any
circumstances, to such an extent that Allah, may He be exalted, has enjoined
the believers to treat the disbelievers with justice, as He says
(interpretation of the meaning):

“Be just: that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is
Well-Acquainted with what you do”

[al-Maa’idah 5:8]. 

The believers treated the disbelievers justly in accordance with the command
of Allah, because Allah told them: do not let your hatred of the
disbelievers make you fail to treat them justly; rather treat them justly,
for that is nearer to piety.

End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa, 30/339 

This is the “code of conduct” that governs Muslim practices and highlights
to you the peace, justice and security that Islam brought to the inhabitants
of earth. 

But if you want to judge Islam on the basis of the actions of some of its
followers and adherents, then you must let us judge Christianity and Judaism
based on the actions of some of the followers of these two religions too.
How can it be said that Christianity is a religion of love when we see that
the holy war (crusade) that was declared by the US president Bush (the son)
is killing hundreds and thousands of people in Afghanistan, Pakistan and
Iraq? 

Even if we accept that al-Qaeda has attacked peaceful citizens in the USA,
and we overlook the reports and studies that suggest otherwise and point to
the involvement of intelligence agencies, can that aggression be warded off
by occupying other countries? If Afghanistan was occupied in order to strike
at al-Qaeda in that country, then why was Iraq occupied, which led to the
killing of thousands and widespread abuse of prisoners [Abu Ghraib], and put
an end to the peace and security that existed before the occupation, so that
rivers of blood could continue to flow because of the consequences of
occupation? 

How can it be said that Christianity is a religion of love, when we see
complete support for the Zionist occupation of Muslim lands, the expulsion
of millions from their homes, the imprisoning of hundreds of thousands, and
the wholesale replacement of one people by another? Didn’t the Jews live in
peace in Palestine and other Arab lands before the establishment of the
state of Israel? So why this occupation? And why do Western countries
continue to support this usurper state? Why does the Christian West support
this state, and why was it given the Balfour declaration by Great Britain in
order to kill Muslims and stir up the grave turmoil, trouble and war that
resulted from the planting of the Zionist entity in the region? 

What do you want us to tell you about the current situation that is filled
with terrorism of Christian states and the blood they have on their hands,
represented by the new conservatives in the USA, Britain and elsewhere? 

Or do you want us to tell you about the armed Christian terrorist groups, of
which there are more than forty-one, and more than twenty-two militias in
the USA alone? If we were to list for you the operations that these groups
have carried out throughout the world, it would take far too long. How about
if we listed all the terrorist groups throughout the world, which are
motivated by racist or religious beliefs, all of which have emerged from the
Christian world? 

But let us set all of that aside. Why should we delve so deeply into the
Western world? Have you not heard about the Muslims in Central Africa, and
the massacres and atrocities to which they are being subjected? 

Have you heard about the offenses being committed against the Muslims in
Myanmar, before the eyes of the entire world? 

Do you want us to tell you about the past? The pages of history are filled
with the Crusades in which the Muslim lands were occupied and their blood
was shed for hundreds of years? 

Do you want us to tell you about what happened to the Muslims in Andalus
(Spain) and the atrocities carried out against them by the Inquisition? 

Do you want to us to tell you about the atrocities committed by European
colonialists – French, British, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch – in Muslim
lands? 

Nevertheless, we – as an independent Islamic research organization – cannot
accuse Christianity, in the form that Allah sent down to the Messiah ‘Eesa
ibn Maryam (Jesus son of Mary – peace be upon him), of being a religion of
terror or aggression; rather it was a religion of peace, as were the
religions of all the Prophets. Rather terrorism occurrs among some of the
followers who distort the divinely revealed books, or follow their own
criminal agenda, or get confused and they are deceived by the Shaytaan
(Satan), so they begin to shed blood, transgress sacred limits and provoke
wars throughout the
world.                                                                                          

We believe that we can find a great deal of common ground if we agree to
respect treaties and covenants, and restore people’s rights in Palestine,
Afghanistan and Iraq, and other countries that have long suffered oppression
and occupation, and the plunder of resources, sometimes in the name of
freedom and sometimes in the name of fighting terrorism. At that point we
will be able to find a way to debate calmly and wisely, for we are the
people of this call, as Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, says
(interpretation of the meaning):

“Invite (mankind, O Muhammad SAW) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with
wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Quran) and fair preaching,
and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who
has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are
guided.

And if you punish (your enemy, O you believers in the Oneness of Allah),
then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted. But if
you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As-Sabirin (the patient ones,
etc.)

And endure you patiently (O Muhammad SAW), your patience is not but from
Allah. And grieve not over them (polytheists and pagans, etc.), and be not
distressed because of what they plot.

Truly, Allah is with those who fear Him (keep their duty unto Him), and
those who are Muhsinoon (good-doers)”

[an-Nahl 16:125-128]. 

And Allah knows best.

Source

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymin Said In Al-Liqa Al-Shahri 17

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